The Butterfly Lodge is uniquely created to house about 20 local butterfly species. You can get up-close to them and be awed by the beauty of these flying jewels. Read More...

The Dynamic Root Floating (DRF) Technique is a nutrient circulation hydroponics system used in a tropical climate which Oh' Farms adopts, growing hygienic and high quality leafy vegetables and culinary herbs all year round. Read More...

Designed and made in Japan, the Horizontal Pillow Packing Machine is available in two models to suit all your packing needs. Read More...

With a good understanding of the culinary and medicinal values of Herbs & Spices, not only will it enhance the flavour of food when used in cooking but also a healthier life style as it will cut down the usage of oil, artificial seasonings and condiments. Read More...

Oh' Farms has the knowhow and facilities to process ready-to-cook vegetables. Peel, cut, dice, chop or slice to your requirement, these cut-vegetables are hygienically packed and ready for immediate cooking. Read More...


Butterflies in Nature and Human Well-being

Most butterfly species are day-flying. The diverse and colorful patterns of the wings and their varied flight patterns made these "flying jewels" a joy to watch.

That is why butterfly-watching and butterfly photography have become a fairly popular hobby.

Some health care professionals believe that butterfly-watching may produce a healing effect on some patients. For example, the butterfly trail in Alexendra Hospital has been well-recieved by patients and medical professionals.

In the process of feeding from flower to flower, butterflies become nature's most hardworking and efficient pollinators.

Without pollination, plants will not bear fruits and produce seeds and the chances of propagation of new plants in nature will be reduced significantly, affecting not only many animal species that feed on plants but also contributing to greenhouse effect.

Butterflies play a role in the food web

Plants are the main source of food for many caterpillars before they turn into pupae and go through the last stage of metamorphosis process to become adult butterflies.

On the other hand, caterpillars and adult butterflies play a vital role as food source for birds, lizards, snakes and other predators in the food web in our ecosystems.

Innovation Inspired by Butterfly Wings

The butterfly wings are made up of many multi-layered tiny scales (see picture). How can these butterfly scales make an impact on human lives?

The photos below show that when we observe the wings at different angles, the scales of the Green Oak Blue butterfly interact with the lights differently, resulting in different colours being seen.

An amazing property of the scales of the butterfly wings that scientists and engineers use to develop new generation of mobile display units.

Indeed, butterflies play some important roles in nature and human well-being. Let us do our part in butterfly conservation so that our next generation can continue to benefit from a natural environment that is thriving and rich in butterfly diversity.

Butterfly Families

Nymphalidae (Brushfoots)

This family has one dominant characteristic in common: they have only 4 functional legs; their first pair of legs are reduced to small, brush-like appendages that serve no real function, rather like the human appendix or tailbone.

This is a large and varied group of family which consists of a few subfamilies. In Singapore, about 30% of our butterfly species belong to this broad family.

Papilionidae (Swallowtails)

This family presents great variety of colour, shape and size. They are often attractive and many have tailed hindwings. However, some species do not have tailed wings.

Caterpillars in this famil have special defenses against predators. They have a special fork-shaped organ called the osmeterium on their heads, when disturbed, it will shoot out and produce a pungent smell that make predators avoid them.

Pieridae (Whites, Sulpurs and Yellows)

This family do not possess tails. They are characterised by mainly white or yellow colouration, often with some black spots or markings. The males and females are usually dimorphic.

The male and female Striped Albatross (pictured) look different from each other.

Lycaenidae (Hairstreaks, Coppers and Blues)

This large family consists of small butterfies. In Singapore, there are about 100 Lycaenidae species (about 35% of all butterfly species).

They are often brilliantly coloured-iridescent blues, bright reds, and oranges. Adults of both sexes have three pairs of walking legs, though most males have fused segments in their front legs.

Hesperiidae (Skippers)

Skippers in general are not as attractive as other butterflies. They usually exhibit a rapid darting flight pattern. Many skippers rest with a unique posture, the forewings opened half way and the hindwings open fully.